2022 780,000 The current municipal chairperson is PR Sona. It is the administrative capital of Kottayam district and is located in south-central Kerala with a population of 1,44,178. Kottayam town is the part of the Kottayam legislative assembly constituency and the Kottayam Lok Sabha constituency. On the occurrence of Cardina (Atyidae, Decapoda) in Travancore. Location – Located in Muttambalam – Erayilkadavu road ( Half kilometre distance from Kottayam Collectorate)within Kottayam Municipality.Vast Recreational Area – 25 Cents of land to be landscaped … The lakeside resort village of Kumarakom is located just 15 km (9.3 mi) from town, and draws thousands of domestic and international tourists annually. of Wards 32 5. United Democratic Front (Kerala) (UDF[K]) is the ruling coalition of parties, holding a majority in the municipal council. The NH 183 connects Kottayam to Dindigul in the state of Tamil Nadu. Kottayam has an average elevation of 3 metres (9.8 ft) above sea level. Flanked by the Western Ghats on the east and the Vembanad Lake and paddy fields of Kuttanad on the west, Kottayam is a place that is known for extraordinary qualities. [2] Flanked by the Western Ghats on the east and the Vembanad Lake and paddy fields of Kuttanad on the west, Kottayam is a place that is known for extraordinary qualities. Indian institute of information technology, Kottayam is an institute of national importance is also located around 30 km (19 mi) from Kottayam town, near to Pala town. Hill station at an elevation of 1100 meters above sea level is a trekker's paradise. Kottayam is the first town to achieve 100% literacy rate in India. The current member of legislative assembly (MLA) from Kottayam is Thiruvanchoor Radhakrishnan. Kottayam (കോട്ടയം)is a district in the Indian state of Kerala. It also has a railway goods shed, though most cargo moves through Chingavanom railway station to the south. The guesthouse is 20-30 mins drive from Kottayam city but the area … Vaikom, the seat of a celebrated Siva Temple, was the venue of the symbolic satyagraha. [citation needed]. Name of Municipality Kottayam 2. Novelist Muttathu Varkey and poet Pala Narayanan Nair both have roots in Kottayam. The members of the municipal council are elected from each of 52 wards every five years, held with the local government elections across the state. There are many educational … Changanassery municipality, which reported 62 cases, led the tally, followed by Kottayam with 55 cases. The Portuguese and the Dutch established trade relations with both of these kingdoms, dealing in black pepper and other spices. Major Tourist attraction spot situated about 3300 feet above sea level. After the fall of Ambalapuzha, and as the ruler of Thekkumkur refused to come to terms with Travancore, his capital city was taken on 11 September 1750 by Ramayyan Dalawa, the general and prime minister of Marthanda Varma, and the state was annexed to Travancore in 1753. The combined form, Kottaykkakam (കോട്ടയ്ക്കകം), can be translated as "inside the fort".[4][5]. Kottayam has long been at the forefront of literacy and education. Kottayam is a city in the Indian state of Kerala.It is located in central Kerala and is also the administrative capital of Kottayam district.Bordered by the lofty and mighty Western Ghats on the east and the Vembanad Lake and paddy fields of Kuttanad on the west, Kottayam … [8], Kottayam became a revenue division of Travancore. Kottayam Town is the first town in India to have achieved 100% literacy (a remarkable feat achieved as early as in 1989). One of these was established in Vaikom, in the northwest of Kottaya district. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes constituted 6.73% and 0.31% of the total population in Kottayam. As per the Population Census 2011, there are total 14,366 families residing in the Kottayam city. Rice is the staple food eaten twice or thrice a day. Tourism is a major contributor to the economy. [24], This article is about the city in Kerala, India. There are 14 engineering colleges. It was here that the first college in Kerala was established. Located on the banks of Vembanad lake, The Sanctuary is a haunt of migratory birds. Newspaper Malayala Manorama, published from Kottayam, is one of the largest circulating dailies in India. EMIGRANT HOUSEHOLDS OF KOTTAYAM TOWN PROFILE OF KOTTAYAM MUNICIPALITY 1. [1] Kottayam literally means the interior of a fort—Kotta + Akam. [not verified in body]. The legislative assembly election is conducted every four years, last in May 2016. Under the Köppen climate classification, Kottayam has a Tropical monsoon climate (Am). [18] Kottayam has produced many well-known writers, journalists and artists. Kottayam is one of the 14 districts in the state of Kerala, India. Kottayam is located in south-central Kerala and has a population of 172,878 according to the 2001 census. It is located 150 kilometres (93 mi) north of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram. The total population of Kottayam is 55,374 out of which 26,687 are males and 28,687 are females thus the Average Sex Ratio of Kottayam … The Indian-English novelist Arundhati Roy is a native of Kottayam and her semi-autobiographical Booker Prize-winning novel, The God of Small Things, contains her childhood experiences in Aymanam, Kottayam. The city is an important trading center of spices and commercial crops, especially rubber. The first English school in Kerala, and the first college in India, was established in 1817 by the Church Missionary Society of England as CMS College.[21]. The Kottayam Municipality has population of 55,374 of … Ettumanoor is a major town and Municipality in the Kottayam District of Kerala, India, located 9.5 kilometers north-east of Kottayam city, 65 km from Cochin and 73 km from Cochin International … Total population 63,725 4. In 1817, the Church Missionary Society of England established CMS College as the first college in India. It is on the Thiruvananthapuram–Kollam–Ernakulam rail line, under the administration of the Southern Railway. SH9 (a.k.a. Chuvar Chitra Nagari or "City of Murals" was an initiative taken by the authorities of Kottayam and the Kerala Lalithakala Akademi to add to the city's distinctiveness and to preserve and promote this mural art culture of Kerala. Though Thekkumkur allied with Chempakassery and Vadakkumkoor to protect the kingdom, all of them were finally annexed to Travancore. In the past, it was performed during Syrian Christian weddings. Everything was perfect - Ajit gave us lifts and tips around the area, and even ordered a sports subscription for the TV so I could watch World Cup matches! Kottayam is situated nearby to Nagampadam. Kottayam is located in the basin of the Meenachil River at an average elevation of 3 metres (9.8 ft) above sea level, and has a moderate climate. State highways include Kottaya's Main Central Road or (MC Road or SH1),[20] which connects north to Angamaly and south to Trivandrum via Changanasserry. It is near to Kochi. The general soil type is alluvial soil. Houseboats and fresh water fish are the major attractions. The Government Medical College, Kottayam, is one of the most prominent medical colleges in Kerala. By about 1100, the Kingdom of Vempolinad had split into the Kingdoms of Thekkumkur and Vadakkumkur, and the latter became a vassal of Cochin. Kottayam is a main center of education and Kottayam is the first district in India to attain the highest literacy rate. Kottayam Port is India's first multi-modal inland container depot. A number of annual basketball tournaments including the Marian Trophy, Girideepam Trophy, Lourdes Trophy and Virginia Memorial Tournament are conducted. Rulers of Munjanad and Thekkumkur had their headquarters at Thazhathangadi in the present Kottayam town. In addition, other South Indian dance forms like Bharatanatyam, Mohiniyattom, and Kuchipudi, and classical Carnatic music, are also practised by a large number of young people. There are three bus stations serving Kottayam, two for private buses and one reserved for KSRTC buses. Area of Kottayam city This city of Kerala, spreading over a total area of 2, 208 sq. Kottayam City is also known as Akshara Nagari (City of Letters) and Chuvar Chitra Nagari (City … The first Malayalam English dictionary and Malayalam dictionary were published in Kottayam in the years 1846 and 1865 respectively. The District Headquarters of the judiciary is set up at Kottayam town with the Principal District Court as it Administrative Centre. The headquarters of the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, called the Catholicate Aramana (Catholicate palace), is situated at nearby Devalokam. Their plans r to devlp the areas around kuravilangad....in tht way nly its posible..also Kottayam city area shud extent nd develop..nw its frm kodimatha to nagambadam..but in future it shud be extended..so ths may be a 1st step . National Award for the official website of Kottayam District, Land Acquisition for Nerekadavu- Makkekadavu Road- Draft RR Package, New Bi-Lingual Website of Kottayam District Inaugurated, Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology. Marthanda Varma of Travancore attacked Thekkumkur and destroyed the palace and the Thaliyil fort. The present collector is Smt.M Anjana IAS. [citation needed]. There existed no formal institution of higher learning in the princely state of Travancore before the 1800s. Annual temperatures range between 20 and 35 °C (68 and 95 °F). Varthamana Pusthakam (1778), written by Parammekkal Thoma Kathanar on a visit to Rome, is the first travelogue in Malayalam. The remnants of the palaces and forts are still seen here. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Malayalam literature was enriched by the works of Christian missionaries. English education in South India did actually start at the Old Seminary here at Kottayam in 1813.[19]. Kottayam literally means the interior of a fort—Kotta + Akam. For its namesake district, see, Right to left, top to bottom: MC Mathew memorial at, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Sree Moolam Thirunal Maharaja of Tranvancore, "Structure and functioning of Gramsabhas", "Station: Kottayam Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)", http://www.census2011.co.in/data/town/803296-kottayam-kerala.html, "official website of Information and Public Relation Department", https://kerala.gov.in/municipal-corparations, "Setting standards of excellence: UGC recognition has added to CMS College's list of merits", "Official website of the Kottayam District", "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies", Syro-Malabar_Catholic_Archeparchy_of_Changanassery, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kottayam, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology, Kottayam, Rajiv Gandhi International Indoor Stadium, Kottayam, Nediyiruppu Swaroopam (Kingdom of Calicut), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kottayam&oldid=995056880, Articles needing additional references from January 2020, All articles needing additional references, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2012, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2001, All articles containing potentially dated statements, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2009, Articles needing additional references from September 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 00:19. According to the division of places in Kerala based on altitudes, Kottayam is classified as a midland area. Press, the first printing press in Kerala, in Kottayam. Affordable property on rent with only Rs 50000 as security charges. Kottayam from Mapcarta, the free map. Kottayam's proximity to the equator results in little seasonal temperature variation, with moderate to high levels of humidity. Contents: Cities and Towns The population of all cities and towns in the State of Kerala by census years. The first autobiography in Malayalam by Vaikom Pachu Moothathu was published in Kottayam in 1870. Kottayam (കോട്ടയം)is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. Five courts were established during the tenure of Colonel John Munro, as the Diwan of various states in India. Margamkali and martial arts such as Parichamuttukali are popular among the Syrian Christian community, performed separately by men and women. Kottayam is one of fourteen districts in the state of Kerala, India. Scheduled castes and other backward classes in Travancore were denied not only entry into temples, but also access to temple roads. The city is India's first 100% literate city, also known as Letter Capital of Kerala, due to headquarters of more than a dozen publishing … Margamkali and Arjuna Nritham are popular dance forms. The Kottayam city is divided into 38 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. [citation needed] In the 17th century, a Dutch school was started at Kottayam, which was short-lived. The vegetation is mainly tropical evergreen and moist deciduous. Kerala State e-Governance Award for official Website of Kottayam District. Kottayam lies on National Highway 183 (NH 183, old designation NH 220) connecting the cities of Kollam and Theni. The Kottayam city is divided into 38 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. A k s h a r a n a g a r i - The city … Kottayam District is ranked first in literacy, with 95.9% literacy compared to 90.92% for Kerala State and 65.38% for India (2001 census). [22] In 1945, a group of writers set up Sahithya Pravarthaka Sahakarana Sangham (English: Literary Workers' Co-operative Society) in Malayalam. The Memorial, which was presented to the Maharaja Sri Moolam Thirunal (1891) was drafted at a public meeting held in the Kottayam Public Library. [6] Another source states that the ruler of Thekkumkur had sided first with the Kingdom of Kayamkulam and then with the principality of Ambalapuzha against Travancore. It is situated at Nattakom near Kodimatha, on the banks of Kodoor river. The district has its headquarters at Kottayam town, located at 9.36° N and 76.17° E. According to the 1991 census, it is the first district to achieve highest literacy rate in the whole of India. Current Science 11: 245. Find best property at affordable rates in Kudamaloor. At the time of the integration of the State of Travancore and Cochin in 1949, these revenue divisions were redesignated as districts and the Diwan Peshkars gave way to district collectors, with the Kottayam district established in July 1949.[9]. The population of Kottayam municipality was 136,812. Experience a new style of living with Desai DD City Gate. [14] Population growth in the municipality is due to migration for employment. Kottayam Pushpanath, a writer of crime thrillers lives in Kottayam. Seematti Round is a busy traffic junction in the city, where six major roads intersect. The District has its Headquarters at Kottayam City. Kottayam is also a trading place for crops cultivated in the surrounding area, such as spices. [4] A fifth division, Devikulam, existed for a short period but was later added to Kottayam. The justice delivery system consists of eight Munsiff Courts, ten Judicial 1st Class Magistrate Courts, three Sub Courts, one Chief Judicial Magistrate Court, and three Additional District Courts. Kerala State Water Transport Department (SWTD) operates ferry passenger services from different parts of Kottayam district. © District Administration Kottayam , Developed and hosted by National Informatics Centre,Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology, Government of India, Local body Election- Model Code of Conduct- Doubts and Complaints- Contact : 8078270006, Local body Election 2020 - Last date of completion of election : 23/12/2020, COVID 19 - 24X7 Control Room at Kottayam Collectorate- 04812304800, 1077, 04812581900, COVID 19 - Teleconsultation number Kottayam District -7034322777, Disaster Management - Control Room at Kottayam Collectorate - 1077, Chief Minister's Public Grievance Redressal, Candidate Expenditure Abstract -General Election 2019, Candidate Expenditure Abstract -By Election Pala, Ente Jilla (My District) - Mobile App launched. During British rule in India, Kottayam remained a part of the Princely State of Travancore. Kottayam district comprises six municipal towns: Kottayam, Changanassery, Pala, Erattupetta, Ettumanoor, and Vaikom. The municipal wards 2,18,20,29,36,37 in Kottayam and 33 in Changanassery are also … Most of India’s natural rubber originates from the acres of well-kept plantations of Kottayam, also home to the Rubber Board.Kottayam is also called as “Akshara Nagari” which means the “city of letters” considering its contribution to print media and literature.Read More. The other hotspots in the district are Ayarkunnam, Aymanam, Manarcad, Melukavu, and Panachikkad, among others. The city is known for its trade in natural rubber, and the national Rubber Board is headquartered in the city, as is the Plantation Corporation of Kerala. The event marked the beginning of the modern political movement in the State. The chairperson is the executive authority of the municipality. Kottayam railway station (station code: KTYM) is located at Nagampadam which is 2.5 km (1.6 mi) outside Kottayam town. [citation needed] The Malayala Manorama Group, based in Kottayam, also owns Manorama Online, Manorama News Channel, The Week magazine and other publications. [23] He has been of the member of legislative assembly of Kerala representing Kottayam town constituency since 2011. Population growth in the district had a diminishing trend with a decadal population growth rate of 6.5% compared to 9.35% across the decade 1991–2000. [citation needed]. [10] It is situated in the basin of the Meenachil River and in the basin of the Vembanad backwaters, which are formed from several streams in the Western Ghats of the Idukki district. Total area 16.44 Sq. Other major Malayalam newspapers—Mathrubhoomi, Deshabhimani, Deepika, Madhyamam, and around thirty periodicals are published from Kottayam. Kottayam district is bordered by Pathanamthitta district on the south, Alappuzha district on the west, Ernakulam district on the north and Idukki district on the east. [3] It is the district headquarters of Kottayam district, located in south-west Kerala. [17] A number of small and medium-sized enterprises in and around the town are engaged in the processing of rubber latex and manufacturing of rubber products. [4] More recently,[when?] Kottayam is a city in the Indian state of Kerala, spread over an area of 55.40 km2 and is the administrative capital of Kottayam district. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, … Kottayam is a Municipality city situated in Kottayam taluka of Kottayam district. After the subjugation of the Dutch East India Company by the Kingdom of Travancore in 1742, military operations of Marthanda Varma progressed against the northern neighboring kingdoms, including Thekkumkur. Hired transport include metered taxis and auto-rickshaws. Kottayam is known as city of three 'L's - Literacy, Lakes and Latex. Almost 70 percent of books published in Kerala are from Kottayam. Name Phone Email Kottayam 0481-2566665 ktmmunicipality[at]gmail[dot]com Changanacherry 0481-2420044 secretarychsry[at]gmail[dot]com Vaikom Sustainability of under ground water. Monthly rent of Rs 10000 is applicable. Kottayam is a railway station in Kerala. Mahatma Gandhi University, Kerala, is based out of Kottayam. Kottayam was then a part of Vempolinad, an area in the Kulashekara Empire (800–1102  AD). Recently, barge services were launched between Cochin port and Kottayam. See the latest news and architecture related to Kottayam, only on ArchDaily. The nearest airport is Cochin International Airport, 90 km (56 mi) to the north. Allotted in the 2017 municipal budget, a new four-lane road from Kodimatha to Puthuppally church along the banks of the Kodoor river is aimed at relieving traffic congestion for pilgrims at Sabarimala. Many administrative and district offices of Kottayam including the District Court is situated within the collectorate premises. The main sports stadiums in Kottayam are Nehru Stadium and Rajiv Gandhi Indoor Stadium, both located in Nagambadom. It is believed that the name Kottayam is derived from a combination of the Malayalam words kotta which means "fort" (Thalitilkotta) and akam which means "inside". Unni R. a story writer and scriptwriter, is also from Kottayam. Drawing from the existing fabric of Kottayam’s housing, the KoCo Project revitalizes a former 150 year old residence into … The city … Map of Kottayam Municipality area, Kottayam. In addition to these regular courts, two Motor Accidents Claims Tribunals, one special court for Vigilance cases and two Family Courts also function in this district. No. The court celebrated its centenary in 2010. An official Census 2011 detail of Kottayam, a district of Kerala has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Kerala. 2021 739,000. The average annual rainfall is around 3,000 millimetres (120 in). Of total 19,739 working population, 90.17% were engaged in main work while 9.83% of total workers were engaged in marginal work. In 1821, Benjamin Bailey, a British missionary, established C.M.S. Memorial ‘ agitation may be said to have had its origin in Kottayam many writers. Nehru Stadium and Rajiv Gandhi institute of technology is located in Nagambadom ] in Census! A city in the northwest of Kottaya district College in Kerala are from Kottayam has tropical! Multitude of vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes citation needed ], this article about... 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